Navratri is one of the most significant Hindu festivals, celebrated twice a year in India. The word “Navratri” means “nine nights” in Sanskrit, and the festival spans over nine days. The first Navratri, known as Chaitra Navratri, is celebrated in the Hindu month of Chaitra, which falls between March and April. The second Navratri, known as Sharad Navratri, is celebrated in the Hindu month of Ashwin, which falls between September and October.
Navratri is dedicated to the worship of the Hindu goddess Durga and her nine forms. Each day of Navratri is associated with a different form of the goddess, and devotees observe fasts, perform puja, and participate in traditional dance forms like Garba and Dandiya.
The first day of Navratri is dedicated to the worship of Goddess Shailputri, who is believed to be the daughter of the mountains and a form of Goddess Parvati. She is depicted as a beautiful goddess with a moon on her forehead and rides a bull while carrying a trident and lotus in her two hands.
The significance of the first day of Navratri is to seek blessings for good health, wealth, and happiness. Worshipping Goddess Shailputri on the first day of Navratri is believed to help in attaining spiritual purity and inner strength.
Indian New Year, also known as “Ugadi” in the southern part of India and “Gudi Padwa” in the western part of India, is celebrated in the month of March or April. It marks the beginning of the new year according to the Hindu lunar calendar. The festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm and involves traditional rituals such as decorating the house with mango leaves, preparing traditional food, and exchanging gifts.
Ugadi and Gudi Padwa are believed to be auspicious days for new beginnings, and people usually start new ventures on these days. The festival signifies the start of a new agricultural season and is celebrated with joy and happiness across the country.
In conclusion, Navratri and Indian New Year are two significant Hindu festivals that are celebrated with great enthusiasm and devotion across the country. While Navratri is dedicated to the worship of Goddess Durga and her nine forms, Indian New Year marks the beginning of a new year according to the Hindu lunar calendar. These festivals are an integral part of the Indian culture and are celebrated with traditional rituals and practices that have been passed down from generation to generation.